Research bulletin #1


The project started two months ago, and we’re slowly figuring out how to communicate about our activities. Along with this blog, we chose to produce short “research bulletins” that describe various issues such as research methods, analytical and vernacular idioms as well as ideas we had. Anaïs put together the first bulletin, that you can find over Bulletin number 1 (pdf).

Different levels of interventions

“Hacking” electronic toys isn’t homogeneous, as attested by these two examples, taken from (1) Game Boy Modding (a boo about to modify GameBoys) by Greg Farrell, (2) A fanzine by T.A.C.O. Team about toys hacking.

Pages from a book about gameboy modding

Pages from a fanzine about hacking electronic toys

While the formats of the two documents are close (using drawings and informal ways of describing things), there is a clear different between the level of precision in the first book, and the second, which is clearly more playful (“take the wire and touch ANY part of a circuit board”). Perhaps this is caused by the purpose of the first book, which is more about maintaining/fixing the device, and less about fucking around with it.

Cosmodule, Lyon

Toilet at Cosmodule

Had a chance to visit the Cosmodule Art R&D Lab in Lyon yesterday. Not strictly focused on recycling electronics, but still highly interesting in the way some of their projects deal with old consoles, use video game spare parts (such as buttons, lights and motherboards) – both as an inspiration for creative projects, and as material to be re-used in their serigraphy projects.

Caveman arcade game

See for instance their Flippaper project, and, closer to our research project, this kind of interface (under which a book by Gaston Bachelard is surrounded by Teenage Muntant Ninja Turtles figurines, neon-lightings and stacks of drawings of spaceships inspired by Buckminster Fuller’s work):
Wooden interface with video game buttons

Retrospeculative Design

This afternoon on the INPUT POKE SAVE Discord server that the UNIL-EPFL Gamelab put together, I attended a presentation by my colleague Douglas about is projects. Based on a series of examples, he used the term “retrospeculative Design” that he coined with Antonin Fourneau. A term that refers to the sort of design approach he uses in their work as well as in the context of workshops in Art and Design school.

He used this expression to refers to “the designs of an entirely unknown parallel history of video game consoles and controllers, the designs of which were to be reconstructed out of the history and æsthetics of video game history”. The process goes like this:

To aid us in our reconstructive efforts, Antonin Fourneau and I designed a series of playing cards to be drawn randomly by each collective group which was made up of at least 1 game designer, 1 human interface designer, and 2 managers. Before each group we placed a deck of cards which were broken down into five different categories : Epoch (yellow), Æsthetics (fuchsia), Technology (cyan), Management (grey), and Black (black). With some slight variance depending on the number of game designers, human interface designers, and managers in each group, the following distribution of cards was selected: 1 Epoch card, 3 Æsthetics cards, 3 Technology cards, 4 Management cards (2×2). (…) The most important card in the group was the Epoch card. These epochs were organised into what we considered both the significant and the singular dates of the history of video games and video game interfaces. For example, most of the significant players were there: Spacewar (1962), Brown Box (1968), Pong (1972), Simon (1978), Game & Watch (1980), Gameboy (1989), Playstation (1994), Eyetoy (2003), Wiimote (2006), iPhone (2007), Kinect (2010), et cætera. But we also included some important obscure players (and which should probably have been significantly expanded), such as Atari’s Mindlink (1984!), Nintendo’s never-released Vitality Sensor (2009), Woz/Jobs’ Blue Box (1971), and Woody Allen’s ultimate speculative technology device, The Orgasmatron (2173).

Why is this relevant in the context of this research project about discarded electronics? While “the consoles/interfaces associated with each date were not a required aesthetic or even technical reference; they merely gave a quick shorthand as to what was design-able within the epoch of the card”, one can also take these references (say a GameBoy or a C64) as a starting point to peripherals or games using these “old” devices.

See for instance this controller called Caligari, designed by Catherine Brand and Michael Martin, retroactively designed for Sony’s 1994 PS One, with a retrofuture port for Sony’s 2002 LCD Screen for PS One. At the surface level, their proposal might seem perfectly obvious.
caligari controller

Permacomputing and recycled electronics

In the latest instalment of his newsletter, Robin Sloane mentions the notion of “permacomputing”:

There’s an idea simmering out there, still fringe, coaxed forward by a network of artists and hobbyists: it’s called “permacomputing” and it asks the question, what would computers look like if they were really engineered to last, on serious time scales? You already know the answers! They’d use less power; they’d be hardy against the elements; they’d be repairable — that’s crucial — and they’d be comprehensible. The whole stack, from the hardware to the boot loader to the OS (if there is one) to the application, would be something that a person could hold in their head.

Further down his text, he describes how such kind of permacomputing may exist concretely on recycled electronics:

The sailing/computing duo Hundred Rabbits are pilgrim-poets of permacomputing. Their Uxn project is a clever 8-bit computer design that can be built or emulated in a variety of ways, including on old, recycled hardware.

Making new games for old consoles

The Guardian has a piece about new games designed for consoles of the past. And more specifically, about this wave of new games released on “old-school cartridges”.

As usual with this kind of piece, the topic of “authenticity” is mentioned, as a motivation. More interestingly, the “unexpected cool factor of physical media” is also highlighted, as well as the difficulty in producing these games.

Playful repurposing of digital technology through sculpture

Game ? Advance, by Alex Custodio, is an inspiring project that repurposes digital artefacts through sculpture. The aim is both to provide a critique of “how hardware and software reproduce dominant ideologies around gender and power”, and to imagine an alternative history for Nintendo’s handheld. Alex Custodio addresses the following questions “What does it mean to de- or re-gender a Game Boy Advance? How do we reconcile old technologies to move towards a better future that welcomes a broad range of subjectivities?”.